Pip installation failed on fresh Ubuntu 18.04

I’ve got the error on a fresh Ubuntu 18.04, while trying to do pip install remo.

error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

Solution

I fixed this by installing gcc :

sudo apt-get install gcc

My system information

Remo: v0.3.40.52-45-g815aea67
Python: 3.6.9
Platform: Linux-5.0.0-1034-gcp-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic

Complete error log

Building wheels for collected packages: pyvips, djangorestframework-csv, django-allauth, psutil,     django-rest-auth, python-http-client, unicodecsv
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for pyvips ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/pyvips/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpqom6792hpip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for pyvips
  Running setup.py clean for pyvips
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for djangorestframework-csv ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/djangorestframework-csv/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpiw1del6jpip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for djangorestframework-csv
  Running setup.py clean for djangorestframework-csv
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for django-allauth ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/django-allauth/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpv0jpwoy8pip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for django-allauth
  Running setup.py clean for django-allauth
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for psutil ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/psutil/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpdt20dojhpip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for psutil
  Running setup.py clean for psutil
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for django-rest-auth ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/django-rest-auth/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmprh7f1vm2pip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for django-rest-auth
  Running setup.py clean for django-rest-auth
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for python-http-client ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/python-http-client/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmp4q998hrupip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  /usr/lib/python3.6/distutils/dist.py:261: UserWarning: Unknown distribution option: 'long_description_content_type'
    warnings.warn(msg)
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for python-http-client
  Running setup.py clean for python-http-client
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for unicodecsv ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/unicodecsv/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmpz6nxasgdpip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  usage: -c [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
     or: -c --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
     or: -c --help-commands
     or: -c cmd --help

  error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for unicodecsv
  Running setup.py clean for unicodecsv
Failed to build pyvips djangorestframework-csv django-allauth psutil django-rest-auth python-http-client unicodecsv
Installing collected packages: wheel, pytz, sqlparse, django, django-filter, python-http-client, sendgrid, pycparser, cffi, pyvips, idna, urllib3, certifi, chardet, requests, ijson, djangorestframework, six, unicodecsv, djangorestframework-csv, defusedxml, python3-openid, oauthlib, requests-oauthlib, django-allauth, waitress, django-environ, filetype, remo-sdk, click, typer, django-jsonfield, django-querysetsequence, psutil, django-rest-auth, whitenoise, drf-nested-routers, remo
  Running setup.py install for python-http-client ... done
  Running setup.py install for pyvips ... done
  Running setup.py install for unicodecsv ... done
  Running setup.py install for djangorestframework-csv ... done
  Running setup.py install for django-allauth ... done
  Running setup.py install for psutil ... error
    Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/psutil/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-cvcgv_61-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /home/installer/remo_env/include/site/python3.6/psutil:
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_compat.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psbsd.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_pssunos.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_pswindows.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psaix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psosx.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psposix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_pslinux.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_common.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_process.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_connections.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_contracts.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_linux.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/runner.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_sunos.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/__main__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_posix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_unicode.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_aix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_windows.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_system.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_misc.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_osx.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_memory_leaks.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_bsd.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    running build_ext
    building 'psutil._psutil_linux' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC -DPSUTIL_POSIX=1 -DPSUTIL_VERSION=567 -DPSUTIL_LINUX=1 -DPSUTIL_ETHTOOL_MISSING_TYPES=1 -I/home/installer/remo_env/include -I/usr/include/python3.6m -c psutil/_psutil_common.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/_psutil_common.o
    unable to execute 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc': No such file or directory
    error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

    ----------------------------------------
Command "/home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/psutil/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-cvcgv_61-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /home/installer/remo_env/include/site/python3.6/psutil" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-dt5b7sie/psutil/

I have also another similar issue:

error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

Solution

I fixed it by installing python3-dev: sudo apt-get install python3-dev

Full error log

Building wheels for collected packages: django-rest-auth, psutil
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for django-rest-auth ... done
  Stored in directory: /home/installer/.cache/pip/wheels/3d/89/98/48743ede34c64070253ab805a9dd919559be9244ee6639ce4a
  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for psutil ... error
  Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-ae1pwg4z/psutil/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" bdist_wheel -d /tmp/tmp6dgt87a7pip-wheel- --python-tag cp36:
  running bdist_wheel
  running build
  running build_py
  creating build
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_compat.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_psbsd.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_pssunos.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_pswindows.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_psaix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_psosx.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_psposix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_pslinux.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  copying psutil/_common.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_process.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_connections.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_contracts.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_linux.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/runner.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_sunos.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/__main__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_posix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_unicode.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_aix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_windows.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_system.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_misc.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_osx.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_memory_leaks.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  copying psutil/tests/test_bsd.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
  running build_ext
  building 'psutil._psutil_linux' extension
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6
  creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
  x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC -DPSUTIL_POSIX=1 -DPSUTIL_VERSION=567 -DPSUTIL_LINUX=1 -I/home/installer/remo_env/include -I/usr/include/python3.6m -c psutil/_psutil_common.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/_psutil_common.o
  psutil/_psutil_common.c:9:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
   #include <Python.h>
            ^~~~~~~~~~
  compilation terminated.
  error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

  ----------------------------------------
  Failed building wheel for psutil
  Running setup.py clean for psutil
Successfully built django-rest-auth
Failed to build psutil
Installing collected packages: whitenoise, drf-nested-routers, django-rest-auth, psutil, remo
  Running setup.py install for psutil ... error
    Complete output from command /home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-ae1pwg4z/psutil/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-vr_9kb8k-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /home/installer/remo_env/include/site/python3.6/psutil:
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_compat.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psbsd.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_pssunos.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_pswindows.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psaix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psosx.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_psposix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_pslinux.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    copying psutil/_common.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_process.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_connections.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_contracts.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_linux.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/runner.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_sunos.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/__main__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_posix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_unicode.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_aix.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_windows.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_system.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_misc.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_osx.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_memory_leaks.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    copying psutil/tests/test_bsd.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/tests
    running build_ext
    building 'psutil._psutil_linux' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil
    x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC -DPSUTIL_POSIX=1 -DPSUTIL_VERSION=567 -DPSUTIL_LINUX=1 -I/home/installer/remo_env/include -I/usr/include/python3.6m -c psutil/_psutil_common.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.6/psutil/_psutil_common.o
    psutil/_psutil_common.c:9:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
     #include <Python.h>
              ^~~~~~~~~~
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

    ----------------------------------------
Command "/home/installer/remo_env/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-ae1pwg4z/psutil/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-vr_9kb8k-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /home/installer/remo_env/include/site/python3.6/psutil" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-ae1pwg4z/psutil/

@vmanilo good one! Maybe you could add some info or link about installing gcc and python3dev?

sure:

sudo apt-get install gcc python3-dev